Advanced 32-Bit IF DSPThe FT DX 9000 utilizes a 32-bit floating-point IF Digital Signal Processing system to provide a wide range of interference-suppression and intelligence-recovery features. Included are Variable IF Bandwidth with preset "Narrow" settings, IF Shift, Digital Noise Reduction, and a Parametric Equalizer "Contour" system for enhancing or suppressing sections of the IF passband. On transmit, the bandwidth is adjustable, and the SSB voice parameters may be precisely adjusted using the Three-Band Parametric Equalizer system.200 Watt and 400 Watt VersionsThe FT DX 9000 "D" versions provide 200 Watts of power output, with an internal power supply, while the FT DX 9000MP provides a whopping 400 Watts of power output (the power supply is external on this model). All versions provide continuous adjustment of the PA Bias Level from the front panel, with real-time metering of the bias level and heat sink temperature, for adjustment of the operating conditions between Class AB and Class A. Class A output on the MP version is 100 Watts, while it is 75 Watts on the D and Contest versions during Class A use.YAESU Exclusive: Full Duplex (for One-Radio SO2R Operation!)The FT DX 9000 is the only Amateur HF Transceiver to provide Full Duplex capability when operating on two different bands. So, in a contest, you can be calling CQ on 10 meters while simultaneously receiving on 20 meters, looking for new multipliers! This unique capability is found only on the FT DX 9000!Leading-Edge Receiver PerformanceThe receivers in the FT DX 9000 are crafted using an ultra-quiet 400 Mhz High-Resolution DDS local oscillator, for extraordinarily low noise close to the carrier. The high-level mixers and robust IF amplifier stages are designed to yield a 3rd-order Intercept Point in excess of +40 dBm, your assurance of high performance on today's crowded bands.Parametric Microphone Audio EqualizerAnother unique FT DX 9000 feature is the 3-band Parametric Microphone Equalizer, independently adjustable for the front panel (XLR) and rear panel (8-pin round) microphone connectors! The Parametric Equalizer system allows the operator to tailor the transmit passband more precisely than with other equalizer systems. You can adjust the center frequency of each of the three audio passbands, the width of each of these bands, and the amount of boost or suppression you wish to engage within each of these frequency ranges. This allows you to focus available power where you want it, and maximize fidelity according to your voice pattern and the response of your microphone. And because you can adjust the front and rear microphone jacks independently, you can equalize one way for a "DX" mic element on the rear panel, and equalize differently for a "studio" microphone on the front panel mic jack!Large (6.5-inch) Multi-function TFT DisplayThe FT DX 9000D's 6.5" TFT display provides a host of operating status and station-management information. Included are a World Map with Sunrise/Sunset/Grey Line display, Logbook, Swept SWR across the band, PA Bias Level, PA Heat Sink Temperature, PA Voltage, Real-Time SWR, Memory Channel listing, Menu listing, and (when using YAESU rotators) indication of the rotation direction and rotation speed, along with presets. A responsive, high-resolution Spectrum Scope lets you watch activity on the band, with custom span and center frequency presets available via the Menu. And, on the rotator page, use your keyboard (not supplied) to input your Latitude and Longitude, and the FT DX 9000 will draw a Great Circle Map of the world, centered on your location! There's also an "Oscilloscope" page, showing TX/RX waveforms as well s a "waterfall" display for weak-signal digital work.Three Roofing Filters for Outstanding Close-In Dynamic RangeThe FT DX 9000 provides three "Roofing" filters in the first IF, allowing you to select (on the fly, or automatically by mode) front-end bandwidths of 15 kHz, 6 kHz, or 3 kHz. Choose the bandwidth that best matches the band occupancy and your operating mode at the time!
Model Microphones MD-100A8X Desktop Microphone MD-200A8X Desktop Microphone MH-31B8 Hand Microphone Speakers SP-9000 Speaker SP-9000 Speaker
Microphones MD-100A8X Desktop Microphone MD-200A8X Desktop Microphone MH-31B8 Hand Microphone Speakers SP-9000 Speaker SP-9000 Speaker
What is expected delivery on the various models of the FT DX 9000 Series? All versions of the FT DX 9000 are available now. How do I arrange customization of my Contest version? Soon after you have completed the purchase transaction for the mainframe FT DX 9000 Contest via your favorite Dealer, you will receive a telephone call from Vertex Standard to arrange the exact line-up of accessories (such as the µ-Tune or Data Management Units, etc.), and these will be billed as a direct transaction between you and Vertex Standard. We will then custom-install the accessory or accessories for you, perform all required alignment and performance verification steps, and ship the unit out to you directly from our facility in Cypress, California. What is the purpose of the Audio Scope on the "Oscilloscope" page of the TFT display of the FT DX 9000D?
The Audio Scope is a highly useful took for observing the demodulated audio passband, net of the DSP filters, etc. Think of it as a "spectrum analyzer" for the audio range.
As a result, you may visually observe the effects of filter adjustments you make (using the Contour or Notch filters, for example), and it is an especially effective tool for building your intuition as to the effects and benefits of the various filter systems of the FT DX 9000.
Remember also that there is a "Waterfall" display that can be especially useful during weak-signal work, such as 50 Mhz EME or PSK31, etc.
What are the µ-Tune Modules?
The µ-Tune modules are very sharp RF filters that are built into the front end of the Main Receiver of the FT DD 9000D; they are available as options for the Contest and MP versions, and the model numbers are MTU-160, MTU-80/40, and MTU-30/20, corresponding to the Amateur bands they cover.
The µ-Tune modules themselves consist of a stack of ferrite cores that are passed through a silver-plated coil, resulting in a Q of over 300. This corresponds to a typical 3 dB bandwidth of ±12.5 kHz, and remember that this is an RF bandwidth, not an IF or audio passband.
The result of this narrow bandwidth is that all the active components of the main receiver are protected against intermodulation and blocking to a degree not found in any other Amateur transceiver. If you owned an FT-901DM, FT-101ZD, or older Collins or Drake equipment, they contained a receiver preselector that was intended to serve the same purpose. However, previous designs had a 3 dB bandwidth of several hundred kHz, not two dozen kHz!
The µ-Tune modules are adjusted using a precision stepper motor, and they automatically follow you around the band as you tune the VFO. But you also can skew the tuning so as to roll off interfering strong stations closer than 12.5 kHz, if you find yourself in a difficult RF interference situation.
Can I adjust the CW wave shape? Yes indeed. The FT DX 9000 Menu allows adjustment of the CW rise and fall times from among four selections: 1/2/4/6 milliseconds. The default is 4 ms, and we generally recommend that this not be adjusted initially, until you become more familiar with the transceiver. How is the Parametric Equalizer in the FT DX 9000 different from other equalizer designs?
The Parametric Equalizer concept is the "Cadillac" technique for adjustment of your audio passband. Basically, the Parametric EQ divides the audio spectrum into three bands, allowing you to enhance (or suppress) the level in that range. You may add gain or attenuation separately in each band, set the bandwidth over which this gain/attenuation is applied, and adjust the center frequency of each band.
Separate adjustments are available for the front (XLR) and rear (8-pin) mic jacks, allowing you to equalize your "studio" and "DX" microphones independently.
How is the Contour filter different, on the FT DX 9000 compared to the FT-1000MP series?
The Contour filter in the '9000 now allows you to define whether it will act as a low-Q Notch filter, or alow-Q peaking filter, to be used for enhancement of the receiver passband response. Some signals carry excess energy in non-productive audio ranges (for example, around 400 Hz on an SSB signal), and a little attenuation in this area, applied over perhaps 100 Hz, can cause the intelligibility of the incoming signal to improve dramatically.
Similar, in some ways, to a tunable one-range Parametric Equalizer, the Contour filter may have its gain/attenuation and bandwidth adjusted via the Menu. The center frequency is adjusted, on the fly, by the operator, and it's often instructive to watch the Audio Scope on the TFT while listening to the effects of the Contour filter adjustment.
I see that both Orange and Blue displays are available, but I also see different TFT colors in ads and brochures. What is going on here?
The "Blue display" option only applies to the Main/Sub frequency field in the center of the transceiver.
However, the TFT color scheme may be modified by the user, via the Menu, for the setup most pleasing to you. Both blue-based and orange (umber)-based color combinations are available, and you can choose the one you like in seconds.
Have any Product Reviews appeared on the FT Dx 9000 yet? Yes. August QST Magazine (published by ARRL - The National Association for Amateur Radio) contains a comprehensive review of the FT DX 9000D. The printed magazine will appear in late July; an online version of the Product Review is available now for ARRL members on their members-only Web site. What is the expected delivery of the Blue display version? Blue displays are available now. Does the FT DX 9000 work on the U.S. 60-meter band? Yes, a set of special 5 MHz fixed USB memories is provided. I can't get any microphone audio on my FTdx-9000. Why not?
You probably have the wrong microphone jack selected. In the Menu, you can select either the Front panel (XLR) or Rear panel (8-pin) Mic jacks. The default setup is for the Front panel XLR connector to be engaged.
Note also that the Mic jack selections are mode-specific. That is, if you want to use the Rear panel Mic jack for SSB and FM, you need to change both Menu #59 (FM) and #69 (SSB) to change the audio path to the rear panel.
I can't seem to get my Parametric Equalizer to adjust. Why not? Be sure you are adjusting the Parametric Equalizer parameters that apply to the microphone jack in use. Menu items 136 through 144 apply to the Front panel (XLR) Mic jack, while Menu items 145 through 153 apply to the Rear panel (8-pin) connector. I have a dynamic studio microphone (the Heil® PR-40). What are good starting settings for the Parametric Equalizer?
Everyone's voice is different, so there is no one "good" set of adjustments that will work for everyone. However, the following guidelines should get you started. These recommendations are for the Front panel Mic jack (XLR). Remember that you have to use a different set of Menu items (#145 - 153) for the Rear Mic jack (8-pin).
Menu 136 (F-PRMTRC EQ1-FREQ): 400 Hz
Menu 137 (F-PRMTRC EQ1-LEVEL): -10 dB
Menu 138 (F-PRMTRC EQ1-BWTH): 2
Menu 139 (F-PRMTRC EQ2-FREQ): 900 Hz
Menu 140 (F-PRMTRC EQ2-LEVEL): -6 dB
Menu 141 (F-PRMTRC EQ2-BWTH): 10
Menu 142 (F-PRMTRC EQ3-FREQ): 2100 Hz
Menu 143 (F-PRMTRC EQ3-LEVEL): +10 dB
Menu 144 (F-PRMTRC EQ3-BWTH): 2
If you then go back and sweep Menu #136 down to 100 Hz and then up above 400 Hz, while monitoring on another receiver, you'll quickly notice the dramatic changes in fidelity that accompany the changes in equalization.
The 2100 Hz frequency for the "High" range corresponds to the optimum frequency according to the research done decades ago by Fletcher and Munsen. It adds excellent articulation to your speech.
The mid-range tends to be less dramatic in effect, but your voice may differ and require settings other than the general recommendation above.
How do I go about adjusting the Parametric Equalizer for best results?
As with most aspects of dealing with transmitter audio, there is no single "best" setting that applies to all voices and all microphones; that's why adjustment is made possible.
However, as a very general rule for a starting point, let's assume you have a wide-range "studio" type of microphone, connected to the front (XLR) MIC jack. With the equalizer off, it sounds flat and full of excessive bass response. In this case, you want to reduce the low end significantly, probably roll off the mid range to some degree, then enhance the articulation on the high end.
To do this, set the Low Range Frequency (Menu #136) to 200 Hz, set the Low Range Level (#137) to -10 (dB), and set the Low Range Bandwidth (#138) to "1" or "2." For the Mid Range, set the Frequency (#139) to 800 Hz, the Level (#140) to -6 dB, and the Bandwidth (#141) to about 6. Finally, for the High Range, set the Frequency (#142) to 2100 Hz, the Level (#143) to +10 dB, and the Bandwidth (#144) to "1" or "2."
You will notice a dramatic change (less bass and more high-frequency articulation) in the sound characteristics now, compared to the no-equalization state, and you can now begin adjusting these parameters, if you like, to achieve a different response based on your own voice characteristics.
Note also that the TX Bandwidth (Menu #70) may be adjusted to provide additional shaping of your signal. For a more "aggressive" response, set the bandwidth either to 300-2700 Hz or 400-2600 Hz. For a more mellow sound, try 50-3000 Hz or 100-2800 Hz.
What are the Roofing Filter bandwidths on the FT DX 9000?
Roofing Filters of 15 kHz, 6 kHz, and 3 kHz are provided on the Main and Sub receivers (separate filters, of course), and they are automatically selected according to the operating mode. You may, if you like, manually override the Roofing Filter selection, if you prefer a selection other than the automatic one.
Bandwidths narrower than 3 kHz are not feasible from an engineering standpoint, as the FT DX 9000 utilizes a VHF first IF, so as to facilitate 50 MHz operation as well as provide good image suppression. Still, the extremely robust receiver design ensures that excellent performance is maintained even inside the 3 kHz passband of the Roofing Filter.
May I use an external monitor (such as a plasma or TFT screen) while simultaneously using the internal TFT of the FT DX 9000D?
Yes. . .you just plug in your external monitor and enable the path to it via the Menu, and you're set.
If you get an FT DX 9000 Contest and have the DMU-9000 Data Management Unit installed, this will enable the use of an external display. If you have the internal TFT also installed, you now can use both displays in parallel.
Are the front and rear panel KEY jacks truly independent? Yes. You may, for example, configure the front panel KEY jack for paddle input, while configuring the rear panel KEY jack as a pseudo-straight-key jack for input of a keying line from the serial or parallel port of your PC (for contest message generation from your PC). Are Operating Manuals available for viewing online?
Yes. Go to www.yaesu.com, then click on "HF Transceivers" in the "Products" tab at the top. Click on the image of the FT DX 9000, then click on the "Files" folder tab to bring up the area containing the brochure and manuals.
Please note that all manuals and other documents on our Web site are copyrighted, and we request that these materials not be copied, posted on other Web sites, or otherwise pirated in a manner not authorized in writing by Vertex Standard USA, Inc.
Does the FT DX 9000D really have Full Duplex operation?
Yes, and it's the only HF transceiver on the market with this capability. You literally can call CQ on 20 meters while, simultaneously, tuning around for other stations on 21 MHz. This brings you "SO2R" capability within the case of a single radio for the first time ever.
Of course, the usual steps must be taken to minimize the adverse effects of mutual coupling between nearby antennas. These precautions (stubs, bandpass filters, etc.) must be observed in any SO2R installation, as induced signal voltages can be very high, particularly on the low bands.